By Judy Perez, CEO of iLearn Collaborative
The innovation academic literature and international data consistently show that innovation moves from North to South rather than South to North. There are many reasons for that flow. Most of them are related to economic development and knowledge creation theories. There are few examples of innovational education models flowing from South to North. I will review three models that are recognized as innovative by scholars and international organizations looking into new ways of teaching and learning. I will explore three models that use innovative approaches resulting in improved academic success of students despite economic constraints. The intent of this article is to share information of these educational models I learned about in Colombia, a country most Americans would not look to for research-based options and models. These innovative models could be helpful in resolving key issues in the U.S. educational system such as inclusion, flexible curricula, teacher training and vocational training.
My father passed away a year and a half ago. His death was sudden and the manner of death was undetermined. Incredibly, the timing of my father’s death coincided with a long lost family member, from his side, finding me on Twitter after searching for our family for over forty years. The impact of my father’s sudden death, my unknown family finding us, and the reunion of the family was profound and unpredictable. One of the resulting factors led me on a personal journey that ensued a few months later that affected my personal and professional life thereafter. I have read that people may react in unpredictable ways to a death in the family and my reaction resulted in a year long journey to Colombia where I discovered successful innovative models of education. My focus was to discover ways to “give back” to my roots and, on the flip side, to seek resources that could possibly support education in the U.S such as ELL programs. My passion for seeking support for ELL students was due to my experience as an ELL student (I spoke Spanish before English) and for the severe lack of resources in online and blended learning. Being an e-learning educator for over 14 years, I was I knew there was a huge need in this sector of education. When I entered kindergarten, there were no ELL programs or resources and, as a result, I was placed in a speech therapy program. Although, there are now formal programs supporting English language learners, there is still a great need for resources to fully support the needs of ELL students. During this time of research and learning of the educational landscape in Colombia, I discovered pockets of successful and impactful innovative educational models that, we as educators in the U.S., could learn from. I will be offering descriptions of three such models based on their unique pedagogical model, impact at scale and affordable solution.
Fontan Relational Educational System – FRE
Fontan Relational Education is an innovative whole school model centered on the student and his/her ability to develop learning autonomy. FRE provides the tools for a personalized learning path where students work around their individual academic (and social) needs, their abilities and their interests. The model promotes autonomous learning and explicitly prepares students with entrepreneurship and 21st century skills. FRE is best understood when one is there in person to fully absorb and appreciate the value of model. I observed true student ownership of their learning. Upon my return to the U.S., I had tried to describe the FRE Model to educators and experienced the difficulty of relaying what I observed into easy to understand descriptions. I quickly realized that it was so far from standard practice in the U.S., that it had to be seen to be best understood. Since my first visit to FRE schools, two other groups of American educators visited the schools and were able to understand what they were seeing…autonomous student learners.
FRE is a personalized pedagogy model proven to improve student academic performance. It was developed in Colombia in 1957 as part of the Centro Psico-tecnico, a center to design and promote innovative teaching methodologies. In 1985, the Fontan School was officially recognized by the Colombian Ministry of Education. FRE recognizes that “A student’s productivity, interest and creativity are limited when they are required to share a learning model. Innovation occurs when a student has the freedom to create, instead of having to follow a learning framework established by others.” Currently, The FRE model is implemented in private and public schools in Colombia, Chile, Spain, Mexico, Costa Rica, and now in the U.S. The features of the model are 1) student excellence 2) development of autonomy 3) educators as catalysts 4) goals oriented. There is also an explicit focus on literacy as a tool to access information and to be able to become autonomous learners. Under the FRE Model, students follow four stages to reach their full learning potential.
Stage 1: Starting/Ending points Students reflect on prior knowledge related to the unit of work. They look into personal experiences, every day facts among others, and answering questions related to the unit of work. The “educator”/facilitator provides contextualized questions that are answered by the student. The student creates hypothesis on learning achievements. Stage 2: Research Students look for information related to the units of work. They can look into different media and other sources that supports their hypotheses as they create evidence of their research. They must provide a list of references and evidence of their research that responds to the questions asked in Stage 1. Stage 3: Skill Development represents the central focus of the learning process because students are required to apply the knowledge they acquired during their research to new applications within the unit of study. The student’s capacity to transform and/or improve the knowledge detected in stage 1. The educator provides an assignment related to the student’s initial questions, the findings and the students’ needs and abilities. Stage 4: Relating Students relate their new knowledge to the context around other students and their school. Students critically assess what they have discovered (new learning, new tools, etc.). They also “evaluate how their original hypotheses of the unit of study have been modified, validated, or rejected through the learning process.”
New roles: Educator – in the FRE system, educators’ roles are different compared to the traditional roles we grew up with. Educators act as facilitators or learning coaches for students. The role of the facilitator is to “develop the faculties and empower a person.” They facilitate the learning for students. Educators also help to put together the pieces between prior knowledge, new knowledge and critical evaluation. Learning Coach – the students’ Learning Coach provides guidance, support, and advice during the learning process so students can perform well in their academic and personal lives. Technology – students use an online platform called Qino. Qino offers students, educators and parents access to data, learning plans and all information related to student progress.
The tools of the model are:
Research-based curriculum: in order to address how learning best occurs, faculty are trained to: (1) design standards-based curriculum (using the principles or backward design); (2) align appropriate assessments to the standards; and (3) implement project-based learning activities that are aligned to standards and reflect research-based best practice. According to Erika Twani, CEO of Learning One to One Foundation (the nonprofit foundation that supports FRE in the U.S.): “Today we serve more than 20,000 students in six countries achieving outstanding results…” In 2015, schools using FRE experienced:
For the last 20 years, the Fontan School in Bogota was ranked as “very superior” by the Colombian Ministry of Education which is the highest a Colombian school can achieve. The adoption of FRE methodology in Colombian schools has shown consistent improvement in government performance tests. Public schools using FRE moved from failing near closure to top rankings in Colombia with waiting lists.
FRE model focuses on:
FRE adds to traditional assessment measures using innovative measurement tools that are Academic Autonomy: Students’ ability to manage their own education process; Quality: Ability to reach excellency, demonstrating a breadth and depth of content knowledge; Reach: Students’ ability to surpass the required curriculum standards; Work Pace: Number of learning objectives achieved (i.e. the completion of units of study) in a given timeframe; Personalized Learning Plan Accomplishment: Students’ ability to reach objectives and their satisfaction with the process. FRE schools also prepares students in the areas of entrepreneurship and 21st century skills that include autonomy, solving real world problems, planning, critical thinking, decision making, collaboration, leadership, and excellence to name a few.
FRE has received several public recognitions:
In Erika’s own words, “Carlos Andres Castro was 10 years old when he lost his vision. He learned braille, but living in a rural community, his only future was to become a beggar. His mother was preparing him for that: he used to go to school with no shower and dirty clothes… until the Minister of Education decided to innovate in some schools in the country and Carlos’s school was one of them. Carlos started learning under Fontan Relational Education (FRE), which is a personalized learning pedagogy that fosters learning autonomy supported by a learning community and the development of students’ potential. Carlos had a leader inside him! He became the students’ president by vote! He received full scholarship and graduated in Communications. He later started working at the Ministry of Communications, where he created a national program that allows the blind and deaf to go to theatre and understand movies through technology. Carlos is living proof of the potential we have out there!”